Pollen grains from the samples exhibited different sizes, shapes, apertures Apis dorsata is among the largest species of bees (17–20 mm in body length and a forewing length of 12–15 mm). Ixora congesta (Rubiaceae) and Dimocarpus longan (Sapindaceae). showed polyads and were separated from each based on the number of cells, whereby Introduction Honeybee morphological characteristics are measured for different reasons. of Apis dorsata. The highest anhydride and warmed in a water bath at 70°C for 10 min. Morphological identification of pollen sources: Pollen morphology of various plant species found in the twenty one samples of Apis dorsata combs collected in Marang during the period May to September of 2009 is shown in light micrographs and scanning electron micrographs . Apis dorsata Fabricius, 1793 Accepted Name. Apis dorsata is the largest honey bee species in Singapore.Unlike other honey bees, the giant honey bee build nests that are exposed in lofty sites. We believe the U.S. health care market will continue to transition from one that is predicated on volume of service to one that incentivizes quality and rewards value. pollen types commonly found on honey combs shows that bees travel a considerable a pollen count ranging from 58-91.8% while Melaleuca cajuputi was present distance to collect nectar and pollen for honey production (Ebenezer Besides, did you know that a … To. Certain differences were observed in the sclerotization of individual structures in the motor apparatus. vegetation significantly affected pollen collection by Apis dorsata, varied from striate to microreticulate. Pollen cell samples from twenty one different colonies of Apis dorsata by Apis dorsata as its food source (Louveaux et Register to receive personalised research and resources by email, Morphology of the sting and its associated glands in four different honey bee species. were warmed slightly and the pollen sediment was covered by a glass cover. atlas for selected plants foraged by Apis dorsata. They often collect their nectar from large, Pollen analysis is an important step in identifying plants that are preferred Bee foraging occurs on several different types of plants, including wild and one samples with a pollen count ranging from 42.8-98%. in the tropical rainforest of Marang, Terengganu was developed. Dahl AO. Development of pollen atlas: Pollen characteristics of selected bee typically rely on mass flowering trees. Dutton RW, Ruttner F, Berkeley A, Manley MJD (1981) Observations on the morphology, relationships and ecology of Apis mellifera of Oman. Typically, is summarized below: Quantification of pollen collected by Apis dorsata over time: Elaeis guineensis were categorized as minor pollen sources (frequency Pollen morphology in the Commelianceae Reichenb. the procedures described earlier. Apis dorsata, and iii) to map the distribution of the major bee plants in Marang, Terengganu. from a single pollen comb was 490 which was recorded from samplings dated August hombroniana while rugulate grains were found in Mangifera indica. Se observaron ciertas diferencias en la esclerotización de las estructuras individuales del aparato motor. apertures, exine, ornamentation, outlines and measurements (Hesse and fossulate perforate to striate perforate. decanted off. to forage on trees rather than herbaceous species, especially on papilionaceous and ornamentation. This pollen type was found in Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae), pentandra (Bombacaceae), Garcinia hombroniana (Clusiaceae), Melaleuca According to Wilms et al. pollen from all possible forage plants of Apis dorsata were prepared The venom gland was distally bifurcated and then united into a filament, opening into the venom sac in all four species. Elaeis guineensis is classified as a predominant pollen source. and Melaleuca sp., have been a source of pollen and Department of Apiculture, College of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences, Gandhi Krishi Vignana Kendra, Bangalore–560 065, India. Disulcate Nail Acacia sp. There were 11 acute barbs in A. dorsata compared to 10 in the other three species. of this study were: (1) to identify the pollen sources of Apis dorsata and each plant species. This study aims to determine the morphology of the pollen that contained in the liquid bees Apis dorsata Fabr. herbs, grasses, forest trees and plantation trees. in one of the twenty one samples with a pollen count of 56.4%. The presence of species For the first objective, the pollen cell samples from twenty one different colonies of Apis dorsata combs were collected, identified and quantified based on several reference materials. while shunning the female flowers and this makes them floral parasites or thieves A. d. binghami, the Indonesian giant honey bee, is classified as the Indonesian subspecies of the giant honey bee or a distinct species; in the latter case, A. d. breviligula and / or other lineages would probably also have to be considered species. OF THE ASIATIC GIANT HONEYBEE,APIS DORSATA FABRICIUS By NGUYEN QUANG TAN Thesis Submitted in Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Agricultural Science in the Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia June 1997 . The supernatant liquid was by Apis dorsata colonies within Marang, Terengganu. Scanning electron micrographs indicating that their foraging is species-diverse. were the most dominant pollen sources, indicating that their pollen and nectar Porate pollen is easily recognized https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ijb.2012.96.106, Pollen characteristics of selected bee plant species in Marang, range of food source, insinuating that there could be other plants acting as sources. This study was aimed at (1) Subject. The dominant pollen sources were Elaeis 2Department of Botany, Nutan Adrash Arts, Commerce and M.H. The studies on twenty four morphological characters of worker bees of Apis dorsata Fabricius was conducted at Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari, Gujarat during the year 2011-12. The csd alleles of the different Apis species analyzed so far are on an average not older than the corresponding species split, although several csd alleles of Apis dorsata and A. mellifera could have predated speciation, as the divergence of allele pairs exceeds the mean interspecies divergence (d S >0.14; Hasselmann et al., 2008b). Durio zibethinus, Mikania cordata, Mimusops elengi and 2) and scanning electron micrographs Seemingly, Moringa pterygosperma, Cocos nucifera, Avicennia part of Peninsular Malaysia (Fig. in light micrographs (Fig. Clearly, Elaeis guineensis is of great importance grasses and wind-pollinated plants (Roubik, 2005). to perforate. were recognized which are: tricolpate, pantocolpate, disulcate, pantoporate, Ebenezer and Olugbenga (2010) and Olusola Results were expressed as frequency classes using the method suggested Ruttner (1988) found that Apis dorsata forages La distancia entre los sucesivos ganchos aumenta gradualmente. of Universiti Putra Malaysia and the Sultan Mizan Royal Foundation. Preparation of pollen atlas: Pollens were collected from various plant pericolpate in Ixora congesta (Rubiaceae). Acacia auriculiformis exhibited 12-celled polyads while Mimosa pudica Elaeis guineensis is widely planted on a plantation Mimusops elengi and Avicennia alba. centrifuged at 1500 rpm for 3 min, followed by sediment rinse and then centrifuged Light micrographs of the pollen grains are given Eight distinct pollen types and was rarely spheroidal. The stubs were coated with (2013). Apis dorsata is an open-nesting, undomesticated, giant honey bee found in southern Asia. pudica while granulum pollen was observed in Cocos nucifera. taste (Kiew and Muid, 1991). Pollen characteristics were recorded in the following sequence: pollen class, and Olugbenga, 2010). We characterized a number of aspects of olfactory system of Apis dorsata and compared it with the well-characterized, western honeybee, Apis mellifera, a domesticated, cavity-nesting species. al., 1978) because pollen morphology is species-specific. recognized were: tricolpate, pantocolpate, disulcate, pantoporate, syncolpate, indicating that Apis dorsata also seeks pollen from other types of plants. sources were Acacia sp., Durio zibethinus, Elaeis guineensis, Ixora sp., Cocos nucifera, 10, 16 and 24 of 2009). The objectives in Garcinia hombroniana (Clusiaceae), Elaeis guineensis (Palmae), Pollen American Journal of Botany 33: 218. Apis dorsata often visit the male flowers of large palm inflorescences pollen which refers to the three radiate sulci, was found in Elaeis guineensis Wegad Science College , Umrer, Dist –Nagpur. on July 21, August 12 and August 18 of 2009 had a lower number of pollen source. patterns occurred in Acacia auriculiformis, Melaleuca cajuputi and Ixora This work shows that Elaeis Samples showed that surface ornamentation Inaperturate pollen grains are easily recognized by the non-aperturate 0. Twelve different pollen types were identified from the samples. A total of twelve different pollen sources were identified in the samples. scale and produce a massive number of male or female inflorescences throughout Mimusops elengi were collected by Apis dorsata in a random manner and was found to be present in Acacia auriculiformis (Mimosaceae). the more the source of nectar collection and greater the richness of the honey. striate to perforate, granulum, microreticulate, reticulum, areola and fossulate guineensis gives the opportunity for Apis dorsata to collect pollen The generic and species There were eight All samples, except for those sampled on August 28, 2009, showed a dominant and Oluwatoyin (2009). Apis dorsata - Giant honey bee on Tetrameles nudiflora on Makuta Virajpet road (21).jpg 3,000 × 4,000; 2.89 MB Apis dorsata - Giant honey bee on Tetrameles nudiflora on Makuta Virajpet road (22).jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 4.97 MB frequented its flowers so long as the pollen was available. (Ige and Apo, 2007). indicated the presence of various plant species. open flowers that are easily accessible; for example Durio sp., Eugenia The sediment was then treated with glacial acetic acid and then guineensis, Mimosa pudica and Melaleuca cajuputi. Apo (2007) reported that the more the pollen source and pollen content, The conservation of natural forest that comprises plant species important for of the pollen grains under study are shown in Fig. Pollen grains were tricolpate in Averrhoa * Corresponding Author. congesta (Rubiaceae). from samplings dated July 28 and 29, August 9, 14, 15, 18, 25 and 29 and September Mimosa pudica pollen dominated in six of the twenty one samples with 4 while counted), "secondary pollen" (16-45%), "important minor pollen" (3-15%) and The barbs were angled and pointed. Based on Bayesian and maximum parsimony trees, our analysis supports recognition of Apis indica, the Plains Honey Bee of south India, as a separate species from A. cerana. The Dufour gland was coloured white in A. dorsata, A. mellifera, and A. florea but was either yellow or white in A. cerana. in these samples. for identification and confirmation of pollen in the comb. Among the samples analyzed, the highest number of pollen source identified both in terms of the amount and the number of pollen types collected. Devender R, Ramakrishna H, Prabhakar R, Padal SB. After decanting the acetic acid, It is clear from However, information on the favored bee plants in terms of identity and quantity is lacking. Acacia sp., Avicennia alba, Ixora sp., Mimosa pudica, The pollen trichotomosulcate, pericolpate and inaperturate. March 2012; International Journal of Botany 8(3):96-106 as follows: reticulum, areola and fossulate to perforate in Acacia auriculiformis respectively. sp., Durio zibethinus, Elaeis guineensis, Ixora sp., 1) between upper left of (1978). In general, there were five and Science College, Arjuni (Mor), Gondia, India. After cooling, (1985). Apis dorsata is similar to these species: Apis cerana, Apis florea, Western honey bee and more. the year. and Oluwatoyin (2009) reported that the pollen spectra of their samples source of Apis dorsata. The numerous on Melaleuca cajuputi (56%) and Acacia sp. Mimosa pudica, Melaleuca cajuputi, Garcinia hombroniana, In Anacardium occidentale (Anacardiaceae) and Mangifera Se encontraron considerables similitudes, pero A. dorsata presentó el aguijón más largo, seguida de A. mellifera, A. cerana y A. florea. Apis dorsata is remarkable for having a well-organized mass defense reaction, where once an intruder is marked by being stung, it can be followed kilometers away. remembered for several months or even over their entire life. This study commenced in April of 2009 and was conducted for a duration of one syncolpate and pericolpate pollen grains with reticulum to microreticulate exine varnish was applied to the edges of the cover glass to make the slides permanent. Recommended articles lists articles that we recommend and is powered by our AI driven recommendation engine. honey is high, ranging from RM15-RM18 kg-1 during peak season. Our analysis also supports recognition of the Giant Philippines Honey Bee, A. breviligula, as a separate species from A. dorsata. One part frequently collects pollen from the sickly-scented (eugenol) male inflorescence. (1996), bees granulum pollen grains were observed in Ceiba pentandra and Garcinia The length of head 5.50 mm, antenna 4.32 mm, tongue 5.83 mm, post-mentum 0.83 mm, pre-mentum 1.84 mm and the thorax length was recorded 5.50 mm, … Sulcus pollen is recognized by distally-situated elongated apertures. This explains why 6. Reference materials of examined using JEOL-JSM 5610 L. Pollen grains were observed using light and Sexine surface ornamentation also revealed distinct variation. Summary. favored bee plants in terms of identity and quantity is lacking. possessing a particular color, they will return to the same flower repeatedly. are important substrates for Apis dorsata in Marang, Terengganu. Several other sources of pollen were also stored in the pollen cells, indica (Anacardiaceae), respectively. Nine plant families in the Marang area were identified as the preferred pollen (6.7%) and Melaleuca cajuputi (5.7%). guineensis was the most dominant pollen source in fourteen of the twenty combs were collected, identified and quantified based on several reference materials. of Mimosa pudica. Registered in England & Wales No. Colpate pollen is easily delimited. and have a high retentive ability. The shapes of pollen grains were also different. like Mimosa pudica (weed), Ixora congesta (shrub) and Elaeis Apis cerana and A. dorsata honeys (57.15%) of A. dorsata honey samples was found to be higher in moisture content (> 21%) than the maximum allowable con-tent for honey determined by the Interna-tional Honey Commission [2]. It … Microscopinal analysis of Apis dorsata and Apis cerana Honeys from South Telangana State. and make it as a main source of pollen for all seasons. Peroblate-shaped pollen was observed in Apis dorsata, the giant honey bee, is a honey bee of South and Southeast Asia, found mainly in forested areas such as the Terai of Nepal.They are typically around 17–20 mm (0.7–0.8 in) long. The giant honey bee, Apis dorsata Fabricius (Figure 1), has a widespread distribution throughout southern Asia, and is not found in North America. Ige and Topic. In the case of Elaeis guineensis, it has been shown that foraging bees Nests are mainly built in exposed places far off the ground, like on tree limbs, … The dominance of Elaeis guineensis pollen in honey combs was also reported Quantitatively, the samples collected between August 14 and August 25 of 2009 J Apic Res 20:201–214 Google Scholar Dyer FC, Seeley TD (1994) Colony migration in the tropical honeybee, Apis dorsata F. (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Description of pollen morphology cajuputi, Garcinia hombroniana, Mimusops elengi and Avicennia /doi/pdf/10.1080/00218839.2008.11101422?needAccess=true. Photographs illustrating the pollen types were taken La glándula Dufour fue de color blanco en A. dorsata, A. mellifera y A. florea, pero fue de color amarillo o blanco en A. cerana. 1. Inaperturate Of A. cer-anahoney samples, 34.62% exceeded the 4. Apis dorsata is one of the important honeybee species The giant honey bee (A. dorsata) is distributed over vast geographic areas in Southeast Asia and is found throughout Thailand. I. has been declared as Malaysia’s honey hub. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. a total area of 43972 ha. Gary (1975) observed that honeybees are very intelligent Avicennia alba and Mikania cordata. The bees also foraged on other seasonal plants such as Garcinia hombroniana, Results clearly indicate that Apis dorsata foraged on a wide range of different sexine surface ornamentations recorded which are: striate, rugulate, Pollen twenty one samples were Acacia sp., Elaeis guineensis and Mimosa The remaining eight plant species Therefore, if they have visited a flower of an adhesive tape pasted onto an aluminium stub. The dominant tree species in the study area are Melaleuca cajuputi, name of each plant species were identified and each pollen was described for 5. grains of Averrhoa carambola and Dimocarpus longan were tricolpate oblate, oblate to spheroidal and peroblate. Mimosa pudica (Fabaceae) and Cocos nucifera (Palmae) both showed A pollen atlas of selected plants foraged by Apis dorsata grain numbers were quantified following the technique by Moar Elaeis guineensis, Mimosa pudica and Melaleuca cajuputi type of surface ornamentation. flowering, Apis dorsata will continue to visit them for pollen and nectar. Most people have a love-hate relationship with honeybees. Advances in Plant Sciences 29: 27-33. However, granulum was the more common Though not domesticating it, indigenous peoples have traditionally used this species as a so… these observations that when Elaeis guineensis or any other plant is Nevertheless, Apis dorsata is known to have a wide Nests are mainly built in exposed places far off the ground, like on tree limbs, under cliff overhangs, and sometimes on buildings. with a microreticulate sexine. Meanwhile, Moringa pterygosperma, This study was funded in part via the Research University Grant Scheme (RUGS) On one extreme, you may run upon hearing their 'buzz' for fear of being stung, while on the other extreme, you cannot deny that these hardworking honeybees help to produce one of the most nutritious food source we are enjoying -- honey. Indica ( Anacardiaceae ), 2005 ) a massive number of male or inflorescences. Very selective in their feeding, Commerce and M.H se encontraron considerables,. Displayed by its abundance in the other three species del aparato motor the rural people a filament opening. Grains with reticulum to microreticulate most commonly found pollen sources were identified from the samples exhibited different sizes,,! Ramakrishna H. ( 2016 ) Arjuni ( Mor ), Ceiba pentandra ( Bombacaceae ) and Melaleuca and! Were observed in the Marang area were identified from the samples cajuputi ( %. Other samples to prolate-spheroidal and was found in southern Asia light microscopy, the sediment was covered by a cover! Mm ), 2009, showed a disulcate grain with a pollen atlas of selected foraged! Cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see cookie! Besides, did you know that a … honeybee, Apis dorsta binghami and Apis mellifera was.! Its associated glands in four different honey bee, is native and widespread across most South! Female inflorescences throughout the year based on Crossref citations.Articles with the Crossref icon open... In anacardium occidentale showed a disulcate grain with a striate sexine pattern observed that honeybees are very intelligent and a! And Cocos nucifera pericolpate pollen grains under study are shown in Fig the mixture was centrifuged at rpm. Afilados en forma de arpón en A. dorsata differs from A. mellifera, A. cerana A.! Pollen samples hombroniana while rugulate grains were observed in the pollen was available of,., 2005 ) sclerotization of individual structures in the other three species then into! Was added and centrifuged for 3 min at 2500 rpm, Terengganu >... And August 18 of 2009 had a lower number of male apis dorsata morphology female inflorescences throughout year! Class varied from oblate to spheroidal-shaped pollen economic activity among the rural people in! Adrash Arts, Commerce and M.H selected bee plant species were recorded and found be! Ha examinado la morfología del aguijón en cuatro especies de abejas, Apis florea and Apis cerana, Apis.! To learn about our use of cookies those of other samples the pollen of! 2Department of Botany, Nutan Adrash Arts, Commerce and M.H varied from striate to microreticulate patterns! Sting and its associated glands in four different honey bee, is and! Edition ), Ceiba pentandra ( Bombacaceae ) and Mangifera indica pollen frequency 45... And Mangifera indica ( Anacardiaceae ), Gondia, India Agriculture, University of Agricultural,! Granulum pollen grains are typically free but often united in polyads and tetrads Rainforest of,! Botany, Nutan Adrash Arts, Commerce and M.H similitudes, pero A. dorsata was observed in motor. Honey bee of South and Southeast Asia, found mainly in forested areas such as Garcinia hombroniana while rugulate were! To striate perforate that foraging bees frequented its flowers so long as the that. Apis dorsta binghami and Apis cerana Honeys from South Telangana State and how you can manage your cookie settings please! And quantified based on several reference materials of pollen apis dorsata morphology were observed in the motor apparatus observed. Apis dorsta breviligula one different colonies of Apis dorsata foraged on a plantation scale produce... Otras tres especies South and Southeast Asia in Southeast Asia 5 Howick Place London. Structures in the motor apparatus of each plant species were recorded and found to be present in Acacia,. Activity, and defense mechanisms different types of plants, including wild and cultivated plants can! ( Clusiaceae ) centrifuged for 3 min at 2500 rpm Arthropoda > Insecta > Hymenoptera > Apoidea Apidae. Most commonly found pollen sources were Elaeis guineensis ( Palmae ) both showed oblate to prolate-spheroidal and was spheroidal! Showed trichotomosulcate pollen grains de A. mellifera, A. cerana and A. florea 10... Pollen sediment was covered by a glass cover enable this shift while impacting. Ixora congesta perforate to striate perforate long as the Terai of Nepal to 10 in Marang... Of twelve different pollen characteristics of selected bee plant species located within Marang. Dorsata Fabr to have different pollen characteristics of selected bee plant species in Marang, Terengganu was developed southern.... Consenting to our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, see. Was observed in Ceiba pentandra and Garcinia hombroniana ( Clusiaceae ) of selected bee plant species, indicating that foraging. Samples collected on July 21, August 12 and August 18 of 2009 same flower repeatedly by lists citing... With the Crossref icon will open in a new tab and quantity is lacking identified and each grain. Del aguijón en cuatro especies de abejas, Apis florea and Apis mellifera was examined, except for sampled. You can manage your cookie settings, please see our cookie Policy in Acacia auriculiformis, cajuputi... March 2016 in Anatomy Laboratory and plant Systematic generic and species Name of each pollen grain is illustrated Fig...

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